Vredefort Dome

Vredefort Dome

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The Vredefort Dome in South Africa is a unique destination for travelers who are fascinated by natural wonders. As the oldest and largest meteorite impact site (Astrobleme) in the world,…

Vredefort Dome

The Vredefort Dome in South Africa is a unique destination for travelers who are fascinated by natural wonders. As the oldest and largest meteorite impact site (Astrobleme) in the world, this site is estimated to have formed around 2000 million years ago when a gigantic meteorite, larger than Table Mountain, hit the earth close to where Vredefort is situated today.

Today, the Vredefort structure is regarded as the biggest and oldest clearly visible impact structure on Earth. The force of the impact opened up a crater, which is still visible and about 40km in diameter. Visitors to the area will notice small hills in a large dome shape with beautiful valleys between them. The Vredefort Dome is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts many tourists from all over the world.

The Vredefort Dome is not just a site of great geological importance, but it is also home to an abundance of wildlife, including rare and endangered species. Visitors to the area can take a guided tour to learn more about the local flora and fauna and explore the fascinating geology of the site.

Evidence found by geologists suggests that the cause of the Vredefort Dome’s upliftment was an extreme impact event, caused by an asteroid some 10 kilometers in diameter. The ring of hills we see today are the eroded remains of a dome created by the rebound of the rock below the impact site after the asteroid hit.

Travelers to the Vredefort Dome can explore the area through hiking trails, horseback riding, and guided tours. The hiking trails offer visitors a chance to see the beautiful valleys and hills up close and learn more about the geological history of the site.

Popular activities near The Vredefort Dome

Apart from exploring the geological history of the Vredefort Dome, there are many other activities and attractions that tourists can enjoy in and near the area.

Adventure sports

The Vredefort Dome is a popular destination for adventure sports enthusiasts. The area is known for its excellent rock climbing, mountain biking, and hiking trails. Visitors can also enjoy abseiling, river rafting, and zip-lining in the area.

Wildlife and nature reserves

The Vredefort Dome is home to several nature reserves, including the Venterskroon Nature Reserve and the Vaalbos National Park. Visitors can spot a variety of wildlife species in these reserves, including rare and endangered species such as the African wild dog, the white rhinoceros, and the cheetah.

Cultural experiences

The Vredefort Dome is also a great destination for cultural experiences. Visitors can learn about the history and culture of the area by visiting the nearby towns of Parys and Vredefort. These towns are home to many historical landmarks, museums, and galleries.

Hot air balloon rides

Visitors can take a hot air balloon ride over the Vredefort Dome and enjoy breathtaking views of the area from above. This is a great way to get a bird’s eye view of the unique geological features of the dome.


The Vredefort Dome is also a great destination for stargazers and astronomy enthusiasts. The area has very little light pollution, making it an ideal location for star gazing. Visitors can also visit the nearby Boyden Observatory, which is open to the public for stargazing sessions and educational tours.

Wine tasting

The Vredefort Dome is located in the heart of the Free State Wine Route, which is home to several award-winning wineries. Visitors can enjoy wine tastings and tours of the vineyards in the area.

The Vredefort Dome is not just a geological wonder, but it is also a great destination for adventure sports, wildlife spotting, cultural experiences, hot air balloon rides, astronomy, and wine tasting. With so many activities and attractions to choose from, the Vredefort Dome is a perfect destination for travelers of all ages and interests.


If you’re an adrenaline junkie looking for an exciting and safe abseiling experience, then Earth Adventures has got you covered. Earth Adventures is a reputable adventure sports company that offers abseiling experiences at various locations around the Vredefort Dome.

Visitors can choose from a range of available abseiling sites, including the quarry abseiling at heights of 15m, 45m, and 10m respectively. There’s also a man-made tower that visitors can abseil down from a height of 12m, and a natural cliff that offers a thrilling 16m descent.

Abseiling is not just an adventure activity, but it is also a great way to overcome your fears and boost your confidence. The feeling of accomplishment after overcoming your fears can lead to a natural adrenaline rush that is beyond words.

Abseiling is a technique that was originally used by mountaineers to rappel down vertical rock faces. It has since become a popular activity in its own right, and is now used by special forces to descend from hovering helicopters in enemy territory.

If you’re looking for an adrenaline-fueled adventure in the Vredefort Dome, then abseiling with Earth Adventures is a must-do activity. With various abseiling sites to choose from, visitors can enjoy a thrilling and safe abseiling experience that is suitable for all skill levels.

Bon-Af Berry Farm

If you’re looking for a unique day out in the Vredefort Dome area, why not try berry picking at Bon-Af Berry Farm? This experience allows visitors to pick their own berries straight from the bush, and if they gather enough, they can even make their own jam when they get home! In addition to berry picking, visitors can also take a farm tour and learn more about the 65 cultivars of berries that the farm offers, including frambois, bramble, blueberries, and blackberries.

After a long day of berry picking, visitors can relax and enjoy a cup of tea in the garden, complete with scones as a perfect reward for their manual labor. Harvest time at Bon-Af Berry Farm is from November to April, but visitors can also purchase frozen berries out of season to enjoy all year round.

Getting to Bon-Af Berry Farm is easy. Located about 95 km from Johannesburg, the farm is right beside the N1 freeway, just before the Kroonvaal Toll Gate. Visitors should turn off at the Parys/Sasolburg road and turn right over the freeway to Parys. About 800 meters further is the Barrage intersection, where visitors should turn right at the Barrage sign. Finally, after driving for 400 meters, visitors will arrive at the entrance to the Berry Farm.

Berry picking at Bon-Af Berry Farm is a fun and unique experience that visitors of all ages can enjoy. With a range of berries to choose from and the opportunity to make their own jam, visitors can have a hands-on experience and enjoy the fruits of their labor. Plus, the relaxing garden setting and tea and scones make for a perfect end to the day.

White water rafting

White water rafting is an adrenaline-pumping activity that has become popular among adventure enthusiasts in recent years. The Vaal River, located in the beautiful Parys area near the Vredefort Dome, is a perfect destination for rafting enthusiasts. The river is well-known for its exhilarating rapids and is considered to be the most commercialized stretch of white water in South Africa.

The journey begins in Parys town and continues until the take-out point at Rocky. This stretch of river is located in the Dome Bergland Conservation Area, which is part of the Vaal River and also a World Heritage Site. As the oldest and largest meteorite impact site in the world, the Vredefort Dome adds an extra layer of intrigue and uniqueness to the experience. The biggest rapid, known as “Big Daddy,” is a thrilling adventure that will get your heart racing. Other exciting rapids like “Whiplash” provide opportunities for surfing with your two-man inflatable raft or “croc” before carrying your raft up to run the rapid again.

Whether you are an experienced rafter or a novice, there are various stretches of the river available to suit your skill level. The trip options range from a one-day outing to a weekend adventure with one or two-night accommodations. Several facilities, such as camping sites and lodges, are also available in the area.

With Parys located just an hour’s drive from Johannesburg, this is a perfect weekend getaway for those seeking an adventure-filled trip. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to experience the thrill of white water rafting in the stunning Vredefort Dome area.

Earth Adventures Paintball

If you’re looking for an exciting and challenging adventure activity, look no further than Earth Adventures Paintball in Parys. Located on the banks of the Vaal River, the unique playing field offers a truly spectacular backdrop for a paintball game. With equipment that is of the highest quality, Earth Adventures promises to deliver an experience that is both safe and thrilling.

One of the unique selling points of Earth Adventures is their commitment to the environment. The company only uses paintballs that are biodegradable and environmentally safe, leaving no trace behind on the playing field. This commitment to sustainability is reflected in their motto: “When we leave the field, the only thing that is left behind is our footprints.”

Earth Adventures Paintball is suitable for players of all skill levels and budgets, with affordable prices ensuring that paintball is accessible to everyone. The activity is great for team building, birthday parties, bachelor parties, and other group events.

Berakah 4×4 Eco Trail

Berakah 4×4 Eco Trail is a must-visit attraction for 4×4 enthusiasts and nature lovers visiting the Vredefort Dome. Situated on Berakah Farm in Parys, this 15km 4×4 trail is an adventurous and exhilarating experience that takes approximately 6 hours to complete.

The route winds its way through the South African World Heritage site of Vredefort Dome, which is renowned for its challenging and picturesque terrain. Along the way, visitors will be treated to a diverse landscape that includes savannah, bushveld, mountainous areas, and riverbeds, providing a range of scenic and exciting challenges.

With a difficulty grading ranging between 2 and 4, the Berakah 4×4 Eco Trail is suitable for 4×4 and 4×2 vehicles with a diff lock. It’s important to note that visitors should be prepared for a challenging off-road experience. However, the stunning scenery and sense of accomplishment make the experience all the more worthwhile.

Berakah 4×4 Eco Trail also offers camping facilities and various other outdoor activities such as hiking and fishing. It’s the perfect destination for nature enthusiasts looking for a rugged and authentic outdoor experience.

Vredefort Meteorite Trails

The Vredefort Meteorite Trails are a must-see attraction for anyone interested in exploring the diverse ecosystems of the Vredefort Dome World Heritage site. This 60-kilometer trail will take you through an array of different landscapes, from riverine and forest areas to savannah ridges, showcasing a vast range of plant, reptile, bird, and animal species along the way. Visitors can also admire Boer war memorials, San rock art, and relics from the gold rush era while exploring the trail.

The trail can be challenging in some areas and is recommended for children aged 12 years and older. For those who wish to make the most of the experience, self-catering accommodation is available along the way for an overnight stay. The huts are equipped with water, but visitors should bring their own crockery and cutlery, blankets and pillows, and toilet paper.

The Vredefort Meteorite impact site is an incredible natural wonder, and visitors can gain a deeper appreciation of this unique landscape by exploring it on foot. This trail is a fantastic way to experience the natural beauty of the area while learning about the region’s rich history and ecological diversity. So, be sure to add the Vredefort Meteorite Trails to your itinerary when visiting the Vredefort Dome.

Hartelus Mark

Hartelus Mark is a popular monthly market situated just next to the bridge that crosses the Vaal River. This market offers a range of activities, tourist attractions, and points/places of interest in and near the Vredefort Dome. Visitors and locals alike can enjoy picnics on the banks of the Vaal River while taking in the stunning vistas of the Free State landscapes.

The market boasts about 60 stalls, each with its unique offering and special appeal. Visitors can enjoy a range of delicious food offerings, from craft beers, cappuccinos, and coffee to wraps, prego rolls, spring rolls, kebabs, calamari, and lamb. Those with a sweet tooth will be pleased with the homemade biscuits, cupcakes, truffles, pancakes, baklava, and fudge on offer.

Art and craft enthusiasts can wander around the clothing, jewellery, and accessory stalls, and even purchase succulents. Hartelus Mark is a one-stop-shop for visitors looking for keepsakes and gifts.

The market also offers live musical entertainment, creating the perfect vibe for a family outing or a day spent with friends. Children under the age of 16 and pensioners enter for free, while a nominal entrance fee of R10 is charged for other visitors. The entrance fee is used to pay the bands.

In conclusion, the Vredefort Dome is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in natural wonders and geological history. With its unique geological features, abundant wildlife, and beautiful landscapes, the Vredefort Dome is a fascinating site that will leave visitors in awe.


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