Oudtshoorn is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is known for its ostrich farming industry and as the “ostrich capital of the world.” The town is located in the Klein Karoo region and is home to several ostrich-related attractions, such as the Highgate Ostrich Show Farm and the Safari Show…


Oudtshoorn is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is known for its ostrich farming industry and as the “ostrich capital of the world.” The town is located in the Klein Karoo region and is home to several ostrich-related attractions, such as the Highgate Ostrich Show Farm and the Safari Show Farm. Oudtshoorn is also home to the Cango Caves, a series of underground limestone caves that are a popular tourist destination.

The Heart of the Klein Karoo: A Comprehensive Guide to Oudtshoorn


Nestled in the Klein Karoo between the Swartberg and Outeniqua mountains, Oudtshoorn is a captivating town renowned for its ostrich farms, awe-inspiring caves, and warm hospitality. Often called the “Ostrich Capital of the World,” Oudtshoorn is a blend of natural wonders, historical richness, and cultural diversity. This guide aims to offer you a comprehensive look into this fascinating town, ensuring your journey to Oudtshoorn is both educational and memorable.

What is Oudtshoorn Known For?

Oudtshoorn’s most celebrated claim to fame is its ostrich farming industry. Originating in the late 19th century during the “ostrich feather boom,” it has remained a cornerstone of the local economy. The town also offers access to the famous Cango Caves and is a melting pot of cultural influences, with a mix of architectural styles from different eras.

Geographical Significance

Oudtshoorn is the largest town in the Klein Karoo, a semi-arid region rich in biodiversity. Its strategic location between mountain ranges makes it a natural hub for exploring the surrounding landscapes, from lush farmlands to rugged mountain passes like the Swartberg Pass.

How to Reach Oudtshoorn

The town is well-connected by road and is approximately a 4.5-hour drive from Cape Town. The closest airport is George Airport, which is about an hour’s drive away. Shuttles, taxis, and car rental services are readily available.

Historical Background

Founded in 1847, Oudtshoorn has a rich history influenced by various cultural groups including the indigenous Khoisan people, Dutch settlers, and British colonial rulers. Architectural wonders like the CP Nel Museum and Le Roux Townhouse tell the tale of Oudtshoorn’s luxurious past during the ostrich feather boom.

Must-Visit Attractions

Cango Caves

This extensive cave system is one of the world’s great natural wonders, featuring a series of hidden chambers cut deep into a limestone ridge.

Ostrich Farms

Visiting an ostrich farm is a must, where you can learn about these fascinating birds and even try an ostrich steak or omelette.

Swartberg Pass

For those interested in outdoor adventures, a drive or hike through the Swartberg Pass offers spectacular views.

Activities and Experiences

Oudtshoorn offers a range of activities from ostrich riding for the adventurous to wildlife tours focusing on the indigenous species of the Klein Karoo. Cycling tours, hot air ballooning, and meerkat safaris offer unique ways to experience the area.

Exploring the Majestic Cango Caves Near Oudtshoorn

Located just 29 km north of Oudtshoorn in South Africa’s Western Cape, the Cango Caves are one of the country’s most stunning natural wonders and a must-visit tourist attraction. Situated at the foot of the Swartberg range, this extensive cave system extends for over four kilometers, although only about a quarter of this is open to the public. The caves consist of a series of hidden chambers and interconnected tunnels, each filled with astonishing formations of stalactites and stalagmites.

Historical Background

The Cango Caves have a history that spans millions of years. Their formation began in the Precambrian period, and the caves were later inhabited by prehistoric people. They have been a popular tourist attraction since the late 18th century. Evidence of San and Khoikhoi artwork has been discovered in the caves, indicating their historical significance.

Geology and Formations

The caves are limestone, and the extraordinary formations inside are the result of the dissolution of the limestone by acidic water. Over millennia, this process has led to the creation of some of the most awe-inspiring dripstone formations in the world, including towering stalagmites, delicate stalactites, and even helictites—formations that grow sideways! Some of the famous formations have even been given names, such as “Cleopatra’s Needle,” which stands an impressive 9 meters high.

Tours and Accessibility

The Cango Caves offer various tours to suit all levels of adventurous spirits. The “Standard Tour” lasts about an hour and takes you through some of the larger chambers, providing an excellent introduction to the caves’ geological and historical aspects. The “Adventure Tour” is more challenging, taking you deeper into the cave system through narrow passages and over steep rocky ledges. It’s advisable to wear comfortable clothes and sturdy footwear for the tours.


Some of the major highlights of the cave tours include:

  • Van Zyl’s Hall: The largest chamber open to the public, which can accommodate up to 500 people.
  • Botha’s Hall: Known for its various colored limestone formations.
  • The Devil’s Workshop: A chamber featuring darker limestone and smaller, intricate formations.
  • Lumbago Walk: Part of the Adventure Tour, this is a low tunnel you’ll need to bend over to walk through—hence the name.

Best Time to Visit

While the caves maintain a relatively constant and comfortable temperature year-round, they can get crowded during peak tourist season. Visiting in the shoulder months of late spring (September to November) or early autumn (March to May) is often recommended.

Family-Friendly Attraction

The Cango Caves are a family-friendly attraction. While the Adventure Tour may be suitable only for older children and teens due to its physical demands, the Standard Tour is appropriate for visitors of all ages.

Practical Tips

  • Book your tour in advance, especially during peak season.
  • If you’re claustrophobic, you may find some sections of the Adventure Tour uncomfortable.
  • Wear non-slip shoes and comfortable clothes.

Nearby Attractions

The Cango Caves can easily be combined with other attractions around Oudtshoorn for a full day of adventure. Nearby attractions include the Cango Wildlife Ranch and various ostrich farms, offering a well-rounded experience of the region’s natural and cultural highlights.

The Cango Caves are not just a geological marvel but also a symbol of the rich historical and cultural tapestry of the Oudtshoorn area. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, a history buff, or someone interested in natural wonders, the Cango Caves offer an experience that is both enlightening and awe-inspiring.

Ostrich Farms in Oudtshoorn: A Unique South African Experience

Oudtshoorn, often referred to as the “Ostrich Capital of the World,” is synonymous with these fascinating flightless birds. The town, nestled in South Africa’s Klein Karoo region, boasts numerous ostrich farms that attract visitors from across the globe. From historical tours and feather shopping to ostrich riding and gourmet dining, these farms offer a variety of experiences that encapsulate the region’s unique cultural and economic history.

Historical Background

The ostrich farming industry in Oudtshoorn dates back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, known as the “ostrich feather boom.” During this period, ostrich feathers were highly valued in Europe for fashion, especially for women’s hats and boas. The high demand led to the establishment of numerous ostrich farms in the area. Although the demand for ostrich feathers waned after World War I, the industry adapted and continued to thrive, focusing on meat and leather in addition to feathers.

A Day on the Farm

Visiting an ostrich farm is like stepping into a living museum. Guided tours often begin with an introduction to ostrich farming history, followed by demonstrations of feather sorting and cleaning. Visitors are then usually taken to interact with the ostriches, where you can feed them, observe their behavior, and learn about their biology and lifecycle.

Ostrich Riding and Other Activities

For the more adventurous, some farms offer the once-in-a-lifetime experience of ostrich riding. However, it’s essential to note that there are weight restrictions for the safety of the birds. Besides riding, many farms feature ostrich races, where jockeys mount the birds for short, exciting sprints. It’s a spectacle that offers both entertainment and photo opportunities.

Culinary Experience

Oudtshoorn is also the best place to try ostrich meat, which is lean, low in cholesterol, and high in protein. Many of the farms have on-site restaurants where you can sample a range of ostrich-based dishes, from gourmet steaks to homemade ostrich meat pies. Some farms even offer ostrich egg breakfasts—each egg is so large it can serve up to 20 people!

Shopping and Souvenirs

Ostrich leather is a high-quality material used in luxury fashion items worldwide. Many farms feature shops where you can buy ostrich leather products like handbags, belts, and wallets. Of course, there are also feathers, feather boas, and even feather dusters available for purchase, making for a unique souvenir to take home.

Family-Friendly Experience

Ostrich farms in Oudtshoorn are great for families, offering a wide range of activities suitable for all ages. Many farms have designated kids’ areas with smaller, domesticated animals, playgrounds, and educational exhibits to keep the little ones entertained.

Visiting and Practical Tips

  • Timing: Ostrich farms are busiest during the South African summer, so consider visiting in the shoulder seasons for a more personal experience.
  • Footwear: Opt for comfortable, closed-toe shoes as you’ll be walking through farmland.
  • Reservations: Some farms require advance bookings for specific activities or dining, so it’s a good idea to plan ahead.

Ostrich farms can be easily combined with visits to the nearby Cango Caves, Meerkat Adventures, or a scenic drive through the Swartberg Pass, making Oudtshoorn a multifaceted destination with something for everyone.

Ostrich farms in Oudtshoorn offer a unique South African experience that combines history, culture, adventure, and gastronomy. Whether you’re a first-time visitor or a seasoned traveler, the ostrich farms are a must-see when exploring the captivating Klein Karoo region.


Oudtshoorn experiences a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is sparse but most common in the spring and autumn months.


From luxury lodges to budget-friendly guesthouses, Oudtshoorn has an array of accommodation options. Many of the ostrich farms also offer lodging, providing a unique experience.

Food and Cuisine

The local cuisine reflects the agricultural abundance of the region. Ostrich meat is a specialty, often served in steaks, sausages or even as biltong. Karoo lamb and locally-produced wines are also must-tries.

Family-Friendly Oudtshoorn

With its wide range of activities and educational experiences, Oudtshoorn is an excellent destination for families. The Cango Wildlife Ranch is particularly popular, offering kids a chance to learn about crocodiles, lemurs, and other animals.

Nearby Attractions

The Garden Route is just a short drive away, as are other scenic towns like Prince Albert and Calitzdorp, which is famous for its port wines.

Festivals and Events

The Klein Karoo National Arts Festival (KKNK) is Oudtshoorn’s most significant cultural event, attracting artists and performers from across South Africa.

Local Culture and Shopping

Local art galleries showcase regional artists, and the town is dotted with shops selling ostrich leather goods, from handbags to stylish jackets.

Safety and Travel Tips

Always consult local guides before embarking on hiking or caving adventures. During summer, the heat can be intense, so sun protection and hydration are crucial.

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