Bethlehem is a town in the eastern Free State province of South Africa. It was founded in 1864 and named after the biblical town of Bethlehem in Israel. The town is situated at the foot of the Rooiberge, a mountain range in the Drakensberg, and is known for its picturesque setting and abundant wildlife.
The population of Bethlehem is estimated to be around 90,000. The town is home to several museums and cultural attractions, including the Old Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk, a historic church built in 1864, and the Ladysmith Black Mambazo Cultural Museum, which celebrates the cultural heritage of the Zulu choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo.
Bethlehem is also known for its production of wool and mohair, and is home to a number of farms and ranches. The town is located approximately 270 kilometers east of Johannesburg and is the closest major town to the Golden Gate Highlands National Park, a popular tourist destination known for its rugged sandstone cliffs, bushveld, and grasslands. Other nearby towns include Harrismith and Phuthaditjhaba.